Through the ghetto by tram
Apart from Jews imprisoned in the Litzmannstadt ghetto, a large group of Polish people lived there, amounting to about 367 thousand people at the time of ghetto boundaries closure, and a big group of Germans – about 120 thousand. Many of them were involuntary witnesses of the tragedy of Jews. The only way all the residents of the occupied city could have a look at the ghetto from the inside was to go by tram along Zgierska and Limanowskiego streets.
The two large streets with a tram line were excluded from the ghetto area. Closing them posed a threat of a total transport paralysis in the city. To enable communication between different parts of the ghetto, special passages were opened; at first there were gates, and since 1940s – wooden bridges were built over the streets.
A lot of reports were preserved that describe the ghetto as seen by witnesses from the other side of the barbed wire. They tell about the ghetto, its residents’ behaviour, their appearance, the population density, and then, after the commencement of extermination and deportation of Jews to death camps – their increasingly visible absence.