Children working in furrier or tailoring department
As the number of labour departments grew, the role of administrative sections responsible for production, and particularly of the Central Office of Labour Departments, became increasingly important. All workshops and labour departments came under this Office, which also acted as an intermediary between the German Ghetto Administration and the production plants, coordinating the filling of orders coming to the ghetto from May 1940. The increasing number of orders made it necessary to establish new workshops: tailoring, shoemaking, carpentry, metalworking etc. At the end of 1943, there were 117 plants operating in the ghetto, and they employed nearly 74,000 workers, i.e. over 85% of the ghetto population. Most goods manufactured were ordered by German national companies, and particularly Wehrmacht. However, some goods were also produced for private companies.